Second World War
The Unwilling Satellite – Hungary in the Second World War
Hungary’s foreign policy line after World War I was predestined by the Versailles (Trianon) Treaty forced on the country in 1920, as a consequence of which two thirds of the territory of the Hungarian Kingdom was lost to the newly-established neighbouring countries where one third of the total Hungarian population became an ill-treated ethnic minority. The Hungarian efforts to revise the treaty and seize Hungarian-dominated territories back from Romania, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union was supported only by Mussolini’s Italy and Hitler’s Germany. The all-powerful Governor Horthy achieved his aim with their support and as a consequence of the First and Second Vienna Awards, Hungary seized some territories back. However, this also meant a commitment to enter the war on the German side with its catastrophic consequences including the loss of the Hungarian Second Army at the river Don, the German occupation of March 1944, the deportation of half a million Jewish people to death camps, and the destruction caused by the siege of Budapest.
EXPERT LECTURES ON REQUEST